Belgrade theological student choir on tour in America

3 09 2008


The Belgrade theological student choir, consisting of some twenty students who foster the chanting of Church hymns, sing multi-part Serbian and Russian melodies, and especially chant traditional Serbian and Byzantine music, following the typikon of the Holy Mountain.

They will sing services and concerts in Serbian and English, as well as Greek and Slavonic.

It has been over twenty years since the Student Choir of the Theological University of Belgrade visited the United States.

As part of this major tour the choir will perform in concert at the the Holy Resurrection Serbian Orthodox Cathedral in Chicago

Source: Directions to Orthodoxy

Remarks of Michael and Mary Jaharis Upon Receiving Honorary Degrees from Hellenic College-Holy Cross – Announcement of Five Million Dollar Gift to School

27 05 2008

Brookline MA: Hellenic College/Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology on Saturday, May 17, 2008

Thank you:

Your Eminence Archbishop Demetrios
Your Eminence Metropolitan Maximos
Your Eminence Metropolitan Methodios
Your Eminence Metropolitan Gerasimos
Your Grace Bishop Ilia Katre
Your Grace Bishop Savas
President Fr. Nicholas Triantafilou
Vice Chairman Dr. Thomas Lelon and the Board of Trustees

Mary and I are truly honored and touched to be here today and we thank you for bestowing upon us the tribute of an honorary doctorate. We are especially glad to receive this honor from Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology, an institution which has been serving Orthodoxy and Hellenism and preserving their legacy for several decades.

First of all, we would like to extend our wholehearted congratulations and good wishes to the Class of 2008 graduates. Graduates, you have worked very hard to get to where you are sitting now and it is an honor to be here to address you, your families, friends, colleagues and members of the clergy.

Within the context of your academic studies here at Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology, alongside distinguished and dedicated faculty and peers, you have learned and created your own set of the ‘best practices’ of spiritual leadership and teaching, youth leadership, and community management and administration.

Alongside your friends and professors, you have worked towards enlightenment — each contributing your gifts, talents, research and hard work to this network, creating the groundwork for great potential and participation for future collaborations and community leadership locally, nationally and internationally. Preparing to become a priest and lay leader for various services in the “Omogeneia” is not an easy task – and you have done a great job in spite of the difficulties and challenges of today’s world.

Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology is a very special place — it is the only fully accredited four-year liberal arts college in the Americas centered upon Orthodox Christian beliefs and enriched by the ideals of a Hellenic classical education. For over seventy years as a Seminary and over forty as a liberal arts college, it has been and still is a place of spiritual and academic enlightenment for talented young people wishing to dedicate their service to the Lord and His Church and to the members of our Orthodox Christian community.

Today, the student body represents over twelve countries including Albania, Bulgaria, Canada, Egypt, United Kingdom, Greece, Kenya, Lebanon, the Netherlands, Romania, Serbia and Uganda – and as I have heard, at the campus Agape service one can hear the gospel read in not just Greek or English – but also in Albanian, Romanian, Japanese, Chinese, Arabic, Vietnamese, and Kiswahili – that’s great!

As many of you know, in the initial phase of Greek immigration to the USA, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, no formal religious or educational processes evolved until women and children came along to form families and establish an Orthodox Christian Greek-American community and culture. It should be noted that the primary objective of their families was the inclusion of Hellenic and Orthodox studies as part of their children’s overall education. Even in those early years, the inextricable relationship between Hellenism and Orthodoxy was apparent. Higher education originated in Greece over 2500 years ago and even today in this country remains a formidable asset of our schools and government.

Another phenomenon, which still holds true today, related to these early families and our families now, should be noted. Those families who wished – and wish and attempt to maintain Greek traditions, education and Orthodox religious teaching in this country, are served by the programs of the Church – through parishes under the spiritual leadership of Hellenic College/Holy Cross alumni such as yourselves.

For over four generations, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America and its parishes have been the first to introduce and celebrate new members of all ages into our faith and community – whether through baptisms, weddings, or weekly services – as well as offer spiritual guidance and support. The Church is the primary place where different generations of Greeks, Greek-Americans, and many non-Greeks coalesce for religious, educational, cultural and social purposes. There is an inextricable link between the Greek concept of higher education and its relationship to Orthodox Christianity and to Democracy, — and to the foundation upon which our nation was built upon.

As Professor Carl Richard recently stated in a lecture in Washington DC, “The Greek classics exerted a profound influence on the founders of the United States. The Greeks provided mixed government theory, the principal basis for the U.S. Constitution, and the theory of natural law that supports the U.S. Bill of Rights. The Greek classics also contributed a great deal to the founders’ conception of human nature, their understanding of the nature and purpose of virtue, and their appreciation of society’s essential role in its production. The classics offered the founders companionship, solace, and the emotional resources necessary for coping with the deaths and disasters so common in their era. They provided the founders with a sense of identity and purpose, assuring them that their exertions were part of a grand universal scheme. In short, the Greek classics supplied a large portion of the founders’ intellectual tools.”

The values of Hellenism and Classical Greece are still evident in our country’s democracy – however, as time passes, and modern life becomes more complicated, it seems as if people and society as a whole are having a harder time connecting to God.

When we look at or read about the world outside our door, more than ever, there seems to be an urgent need for spiritual enlightenment and guidance – namely: love, unity and peace – values at the very core of Orthodoxy.

Today, on a macro-level, our local and national ministries enlighten, educate and promote an understanding through and of our Orthodox faith, Hellenic culture, — the relationship of the two to each other and to America’s multicultural landscape. In many ways you, the graduates of HCHC, will be the Ambassadors of Orthodoxy and Hellenism, preserving our legacy, our faith and values to our community, to future generations, and to people of other cultural and religious backgrounds. In addition, you will be assistants to and builders of the various ministries of the Church.

On a more personal level, local ministries have a great influence on our individual identity, our character and our role as enlightened Orthodox Christian citizens of our community, country, and world.

As priests and lay leaders, you will be the connection for individuals to our Church and to God – a living image of Christ. The priests of today and of tomorrow need to be individuals with sound theological knowledge who are in substantive touch with today’s reality. They need the special ability to both connect individuals to God and to communicate God’s message to individuals. The progress — and very existence — of our community and culture rests on our clergy as we advance into the 21st century.

Through your studies here at Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology, you have received the finest education for your vocation and gained the knowledge and tools necessary to become citizens of the world as well as educators and spiritual leaders to our current and future generations.

For both Mary and me, the Church has provided a foundation of values upon which we built our identity, family and service – love, peace, unity, perseverance, faith and philanthropy.

My parents immigrated to the United States from the Greek island of Lesvos; Mary’s from Peloponisos. I was born and raised in a Greek community in Chicago and have memories of the Church and its role in our lives and community — most importantly as a place of worship and also as an educational institution and social gathering center – for many generations of Greek Americans.

As a child of immigrants, our Church was a place where everything connected – spiritually, culturally, and socially. Attending services with my Mother (my Father having a daily 18 hour job was absent) marked the beginning of my identification with, participation in and service to Hellenism and Orthodoxy. It inspired what eventually evolved into a life long tradition of service and faith. The Church was where I was first introduced to the beautiful liturgical tradition and sacraments of our Orthodox Christian Church. Attending weekly services as an altar boy was the beginning of my spiritual growth and connection with God.

Our Church was where I made life-long friends and also one of the first times I laid eyes on my wife, Mary (she was in the parish choir). Greek School was where I learned how to read and write in Greek. Initially, it was also our only connection to Greece – as travel was much more difficult then.

I have to admit that as a child I underestimated the astounding influence of the Church. However, as an adult I began to fully understand and continue to appreciate the influence of this institution and the impact of faith on my personal experiential connection to Orthodoxy and Hellenism. As a father – and now a grandfather – watching my own children and their children go through such experiences and also, connecting with other colleagues and friends makes me truly appreciate the spiritual, cultural and educational continuity and opportunities the Church has provided. Therefore, being here today, everything has come ‘full circle,’ — and it gives me great personal satisfaction to support the Church’s existence and growth — so that our parishes and clergy can continue to play an important role for future generations.

It is these experiences that have instilled such a deep sense of gratitude, inspiring Mary and me to dedicate our service to the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese and its ministries. Our faith has molded us into the people we are today and is the foundation for our values and cultural identity. Therefore we feel an immense sense of gratitude – one that inspires us to support the Church, its ministries and programs – and cultural institutions related to Hellenism and Orthodoxy — for the enlightenment, education, and enjoyment of future generations. In 1831, James Cook Richmond an early American author, clergyman, and philhellene stated: “Philhellenism and Philanthropy are identical in all generous minds.”

This sense of gratitude and philanthropy inspired me to actively participate as a Founder in organizations such as Leadership 100 and most recently, to be one of the ten original founders of Faith: An Endowment for Orthodoxy and Hellenism.

These organizations are truly devoted to supporting the Greek Orthodox Church by developing scholarship programs, technology/resource/and infrastructure upgrades for programming at institutions such as Hellenic College and Holy Cross School of Theology as well as local parishes.

Leadership 100, as many of you know, has supported the education of many of you here today in your role as future priests.

Faith, on the other hand, encourages educational programs that promote the development of academic studies, scholarly research and artistic/creative projects in relation to Orthodoxy and Hellenism. Faith works to support the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, under the leadership of His Eminence Archbishop Demetrios, in creating the ministries and educational programs that promote an understanding of our Orthodox faith and Hellenic culture. Faith assists and supports the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Ministry-based initiatives that incorporate and promote the development and use of new technologies such as online educational programming and resources, film and television, and other digital technologies.

Our mission is to fund a diversity of innovative programs about Orthodoxy and Hellenism whether for grass-roots level local programming, multi-institutional partnerships, or high profile large scale events and collaborations. A commitment to excellence and realistic long-term sustainability is at the core of the development of new programs to support the advancement of Hellenism and Orthodoxy in the United States.

For example, Faith funded a grant to the National Ministries for enhancing the technology infrastructure at Hellenic College / Holy Cross School of Theology for updating the School’s computer lab and technology infrastructure. Faith is now in discussions with His Eminence Archbishop Demetrios to bring together the most talented educators in an effort to provide exceptional Greek and Orthodox studies program textbooks which would be made available to all private and/or parochial schools in the country.

Philanthropy is defined in different ways. As you all know, the origin of the word philanthropy is Greek and means love “phil” for mankind “anthropou”. Today, philanthropy includes the concept of voluntary giving – donating money, goods, time or effort — by an individual or group to promote the common good or improve human quality of life.

So as you graduate and leave this wonderful campus to serve God, our community, and society, dedicating your time and effort to provide spiritual enlightenment, sustain cultural continuity, and share your knowledge we would like to conclude with this beautiful quote from the late, His Eminence Archbishop Iakovos:

“Finish your each day with the reassuring truth that tomorrow is another day. A day unsure as it may be, but a day which is yours with all the brilliance of its sun, with all its flowers and birdsongs, and all the uncertainties, the fears, the anxieties and the hopes, as well. Remember, that you also have to make it easier to accept each day, to dissipate any clouds that may threaten to darken the sun. Do not allow the darkness to envelop your soul.

When you see it approaching, you keep it at a distance with your Christian courage and determination. There are so many blessings surrounding you every day. Enjoy them; rejoice in them all.”

“Orthodoxy is a religion and theology that places no boundaries or barriers along the way of those who search for happiness in unity, in peace, and in justice.”
(Archbishop Iakovos Grand Banquet, Clergy-Laity Congress, July 3, 1996)

Graduates, we salute you for your accomplishments thus far, and thank you in advance for your contributions to society and the work you are about to do to create a better future for unity, peace, justice and enlightenment.

Congratulations and best wishes for success!

Thank you.


Remarks of Mrs. Mary Jaharis upon receiving an Honorary Doctor of Humanities degree from Hellenic College/Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology on Saturday, May 17, 2008

First of all, I would like to extend my heartfelt congratulations and best wishes to the graduates. You have traveled a long journey on your spiritual – and scholarly — paths and now you are ready to guide others upon their own paths.

It is a pleasure and an honor to be here today to celebrate this commencement with the accomplished graduates, their proud families, esteemed guests and distinguished faculty. My husband and I are especially happy to have the opportunity to announce our gift to Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology on such a joyous and celebratory occasion.

In appreciation for and recognition of the outstanding work that this School does in preserving and promoting Orthodoxy and Hellenism, my husband and I have decided to offer our support in order to further enhance and increase the effectiveness of this work.

Our offering is in the form of a donation of $5,000,000 to Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology to endow a chair for the study of the New Testament and to create a Byzantine Studies Center.

Two million dollars of this gift will endow a Chair for the Study of the New Testament. This endowed chair will be named in honor of our beloved Archbishop Demetrios and will be dedicated exclusively to the field of the New Testament, a field essential in any School of Theology — and also, very important for Orthodoxy and Hellenism, as it is well-known that the New Testament was originally written in Greek.

The remaining three million dollars from this gift will fund the Institute for Byzantine Arts and Culture which will focus on five key areas of interest and research: Byzantine Iconography, Byzantine Artifacts, Byzantine Architecture, Byzantine Literature and Byzantine Music. The Center will host special seminars, national as well as international conferences, and exhibitions in addition to normal semester activities such as regular courses and course intensives. It is our hope that the Institute will be a great resource for the school as well as a premier research center for national and international academic and intellectual exchanges and cultural programs related to the beautiful and interesting arts of the Byzantine era.

The details and specifics of the offerings will be decided by His Eminence Archbishop Demetrios in consultation with the Jaharis family and the President of Hellenic College/Holy Cross School of Theology.

For over two thousand years, the Orthodox Church has carried on the Apostolic tradition of Christ’s teachings. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, this School and our parishes have continued this great tradition, sustaining and promoting our rich cultural, intellectual and spiritual legacy throughout their existence in America. Michael and I are pleased to offer a gift to the School that will enrich the academic programming of Hellenic College and Holy Cross School of Theology and the study of Orthodoxy and Hellenism into the future.

Thank you.

K. A. Psachos Digital Music Library now online!

7 05 2008

K. A. Psachos was an important Byzantine Musicologist of last century. Together with people like Simon Karas, their scholarship and field-work serve as the link for all of us today that kept alive the true interpretation and understanding of the history and development of Byzantine chant notation. The K. A. Psachos Music Library Collection has recently been posted on the Web.

His personal library was bought by the Music Department of the University of Athens under the supervision of Prof. Gregorios Th. Stathis, who knew Psachos’ widow personally. When I was doing research for my dissertation I had to go to her home to view the MSS I needed for my work. Today, however, we can study these important manuscripts and historical music publications at the University Music Department Library. It also looks like (hopefully) we’ll be able to study them online very soon.

This site, Peramos is part of the project to digitize all of the University of Athens libraries: Historical Archive, Folklore Collection, Theatrical Collection and the K. A. Psachos Music Library Collection. So far, I only see the first few folios of each manuscript; I hope they’re not going to stop there. It would be a shame to this great legacy.

Except for the important Protopsaltes Konstantinos Byzantios Semeiomatarion and unpublished third edition Typikon, the manuscripts of Byzantine Chant house in the collection range from the ninth to nineteenth centuries. Of special interest for anyone interested in the exegesis of the chants from the old to New Method of chant notation is the Gregorios Protopsaltes Archive, containing manuscripts from the fourteenth to nineteenth centuries. There are 203 objects in that archive alone.

Finally, and for the first time in print, we can have a complete list of the contents of the K. A. Psachos library. The catalog listing alone speaks volumes as a chronicle of the history of Byzantine Chant. Anthologia, Papadikai, Sticheraria, Heirmologia, Theories, Anastasimataria, Doxastaria, and Akolouthiai, but even Greek folk and Turkish songs. You can also see examples of the Lesbian and Bucharest chant notation systems.

The collection is divided into five units:

  1. Gregorios protopsaltes Archive
  2. Collection of parchment manuscripts [Fragments]
  3. K. A. Psachos Collection of Musical Manuscripts
  4. Books
  5. Recordings

The Recordings sections seems mute to me, though. They’re not historical recordings, but modern recordings. I’m not sure why they are even there. Have to ask questions about that.

For all the excitement of actually seeing the fruit of a project we’ve been hearing about for a number of year now, there are some serious issues that raise questions about the quality of the project in terms of its purpose, especially when taking into consideration the fact that is a national university.

With regards to the quality of the digital photography, I would also mention another important lacuna; there are neither standard metrics, nor color profiles embedded into the images.

With regards to the presentation of the manuscripts, there are fields for the item number, century, composer and notation. Also, when you have a fragment of a composition the initia are given. We’re fine up to here, but what about the scribe? The search mechanism could use some developments, also.

The big let-down, however, is not just that there are thumbnails for only the first few folios (anywhere from 4-10 from what I can tell), but once you get past the second folio and you try to get a magnified view of the folio, you see the message, “Access to the resource adheres to copyright restrictions.” Each image also has a sprawling watermark, copyright image on it. OK, please tell me, what that means. Whose copyright? Gregorios protopsaltes’? Here we are again with the burning question of copyright of works of authors who have died well over 100 years ago. Or, is it the digital photograph that is copyright? More questions would include, digitization is indeed necessary for conservation purposes, but why would a university ignore the scholarly implications?

In any event, my mind is boggled, even though I’m excited looking at these historical MSS of Byzantine Chant I would leaf through back in 1980s and 90s. These treasures of our Byzantine Psaltic heritage should be available for close scholarly research and should be presented and preserved utilizing the latest in technology and best practices. Anyway, also quite tempered, it’s exciting to see manuscripts of Byzantine Chant online, always. God bless it!

Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, Lincoln, Nebraska Byzantine Chant on NPR

19 04 2008

A snip from the Lincoln, NE Public Radio Station previewing a “Easter in Byzantium” program to be at Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, Lincoln. Click here to listen.

Byzantine Musicologist Milos Velimirovic falls asleep in the Lord

19 04 2008

19 April 2008: Bridgewater, Virginia, USA. The eminent Byzantine Musicologist Milos Velimirovic fell asleep in the Lord unexpectedly, as relayed by Mish’s step-daughter’s husband, Carl Bowman.

Born on 10 December 1922 in Belgrade, Serbia, he graduated from the University of Belgrade, as well as the music academy. In 1957 he received his PhD from Harvard University, studying with Gombosi and Piston, and working with another well-known Byzantine Musicologist, Egon Wellesz. Before retiring in 1993, he taught at Yale (1957-69), was appointed professor of music at the University of Wisconsin (1969-73) and the University of Virginia in 1973. In 1985 he received a Fulbright fellowship to teach in Yugoslavia. On 18 October 2004 he received an honorary doctorate from the National and Capodistrian University of Athens, Greece, with Kenneth Levy.

His research in the Byzantine and Slavic area concentrated on the Slavonic chant and he was editor of Collegium musicum and Studies in Eastern Chant. His monograph, Byzantine Elements in Early Slavic Chant, was published in the Monumenta Musicae Byzantinae (Vol. IV: Pars Principalis, 1960).

Condolences and memories can be sent here.

His warmness and dedicated, research was exemplary and will be sorely missed. May his memory be eternal.

A Select Bibliography

  • Byzantine Elements in Early Slavic Chant (diss., Harvard U., 1957; enlarged, MMB, Subsidia, iv, 1960) ‘Russian Autographs at Harvard’, Notes, xvii (1959–60), 539–58
  • ‘Liturgical Drama in Byzantium and Russia’, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, xvi (1962), 351–85
  • ‘Recent Soviet Articles on Music Theory’, JMT, vi (1962), 283–93
  • ‘Joakeim Monk of the Harsianites Monastery and Domestikos of Serbia’, Zbornik radova Vizantološkog Instituta recueil de travaux de l’Institut d’études byzantines, viii (1963–4), 451–8
  • ‘Study of Byzantine Music in the West’, Balkan Studies, v (1964), 63–76
  • ‘The Influence of the Byzantine Chant on the Music of the Slavic Countries’, Byzantine Studies XIII: Oxford 1966, 119–40
  • ‘Two Composers of Byzantine Music: John Vatatzes and John Laskaris’, Aspects of Medieval and Renaissance Music: a Birthday Offering to Gustav Reese, ed. J. LaRue and others (New York, 1966/R), 818–31
  • ‘Unknown Stichera for the Feast of St. Athanasios of Mount Athos’, Studies in Eastern Chant, i (London, 1966), 108–29
  • with D. Stefanović, ‘Peter Lampadarios and Metropolitan Serafim’, ibid., 67–88
  • ‘Cristoforo Ivanovich from Budva: the first Historian of the Venetian Opera’, Zvuk, nos.77–8 (1967), 135–45
  • ‘Musique byzantine’, Encyclopédie des musiques sacrées, ed. J. Porte, ii (Paris, 1969), 145–64
  • ‘The Musical Works of Theoleptos, Metropolitan of Philadelphia’, Studies in Eastern Chant, ii (London, 1971), 155–65
  • ‘Present Status of Research in Byzantine Music’, AcM, xliii (1971), 1–20
  • ‘The “Bulgarian” Musical Pieces in Byzantine Musical Manuscripts’, IMSCR XI: Copenhagen 1972, 790–96
  • ‘The Present Status of Research in Slavic Chant’, AcM, xliv (1972), 235–65
  • ‘The Byzantine Heirmos and Heirmologion’, Gattungen der Musik in Einzeldarstellungen: Gedenkschrift Leo Schrade, ed. W. Arlt and others (Berne, 1973), 192–244
  • ‘Egon Wellesz and the Study of Byzantine Chant’, MQ, lxii (1976), 265–77
  • ‘Belgrade as Subject of Musical Compositions’, MZ, xvii (1981), 147–64
  • ‘Beginnings of National Music Cultures Among the Southern Slavs’, Serbian Studies, ii (1982–3), 61–70
  • ‘Stevan Mokranjac’, Landmarks in Serbian Culture and History, ed. V.D. Mihailovich (Pittsburgh, 1983), 208–21
  • ‘The Melodies of the Ninth-Century Kanon for St. Demetrius’, Russian and Soviet Music: Essays for Borsi Schwarz, ed. M.H. Brown (Ann Arbor, 1984), 9–34
  • ‘A Papadike in the Hilandar Ms. 703/ii’, Dzielo Muzyczne: Teoria, Historia, Interpretacja, ed. I. Poniatowska (Kraków, 1984), 31–8
  • ‘Some Letters of Pavel Chesnokov in the United States’, Slavonic and Western Music: Essays for Gerald Abraham, ed. M.H. Brown and R.J. Wiley (Oxford, 1985), 254–69
  • ‘Russian Musicians Outside Russia in the Twentieth Century’, MMA, xii (1987), 234–43
  • ‘Christian Chant in Syria, Armenia, Egypt, and Ethiopa’, ‘Byzantine Chant’, NOHM, ii (2/1990), 3–22, 26–48
  • ‘Byzantine Musical Traditions Among the Slavs’, The Byzantine Tradition After the Fall of Constantinople, ed. J.J. Yiannis (Charlottesville, VA, 1991), 95–105
  • ed., with W. Brumfield, Christianity and the Arts in Russia (Cambridge, 1991)
  • ‘Warsaw, Moscow and St. Petersburg’, The Late Baroque Era: from the 1680s to 1740, ed. G. Buelow (Basingstoke, 1993), 436–65
  • ‘History of Art Music in Serbia’, Serbian Studies, ix (1995), 80–87; x (1996), 42–58

3 CDs of Traditional and Liturgical Georgian Music:

22 02 2008

Orrologion: Georgian music has a haunting, piercing sound. Its liturgical music offers an Orthodox musical tradition that escapes the polarity between Byzantine chant as preserved in the Greek tradition, the traditional Znamenny chant of Russia and various ‘westernized’ forms of relatively recent introduction into Orthodoxy (e.g., Obikhod). Georgian liturgical music is, fascintingly, trinitarian in its structure: it has a three-part structure different than than the one part (with ison) of Byzantine and Znamenny chant or the westernized four part harmonies of post-Petrine Russia.

Audio CDs

from the ORROLOGION blog

Archbishop Hieronymos refers to the importance of our Byzantine psaltic and hymnographic spiritual heritage

18 02 2008

Athens: 16 February 2008; Metropolitan Church of Athens, Greece. This past Saturday the new Archbishop of Athens and All Greece was enthroned by the Hierarchy of the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece in the Metropolitan Church of Athens, dedicated to the Annunciation of the Theotokos. As is normal for such events, it was followed by the national press, television and radio media.

While His Beatitude Hieronymos’ depth of learning and quality of communication was evident in the words he spoke, the spirit of his address—which he referred to as a public confession—was one that was a refreshing scent of spiritual fragrance. His spiritual and intellectual depth and breadth were punctuated in the address by his evidence spirit of humility. Most revealing was his awareness that the seat he was elected to is a heavy inheritance uniting him to the apostolic Saints Dionysios the Areopagite and Hierotheos of Athens. His closing bore witness to the virtue of spiritual detachment, using the words of Saint Kosmas Aetolos:

I, by the Grace of God, have neither bag, nor a wardrobe, or a home, and no other raso than the one I wear. And the stool I do have is not mine, but I have it because of You. Some call it a stool and others a throne. It is not as they call it. If they really want to know what it is, it is my grave for me and I am the deceased inside it who speaks to you. This tomb has the authority to teach kings and patriarchs, archbishops, priests, men and women, children and young maidens, young and old, and all the world.

Blessed be the Name of the Lord, from now unto the ages. Amen.

That said, the reason I’m posting here on the psalticBlog is because of His Beatitude’s reference to the importance of our Byzantine psaltic and hymnographic treasure. I’m sure you will find his words inspiring! You can see the original, full text on the Archdiocese of Athens page.

A second point which concerns my me is our responsibility for the course of the modern Greek cultural mainstream. Allow me to address the people of the arts, science and technology; to all those restless spirits who continuously concern themselves with the common inheritance and are not satisfied with the mundanity, the stagnancy of slavery to the obvious.

We, the ecclesiatical generals have an obligation to you and you have a duty to our Christian race and to history.

The Church must find ways to stimulate and inspire the human spirit, as it once gave birth to the arts and sciences and sparked culture, then, when stones bore witness to the greatness of Orthodox theology as it was expressed through architecture of the temples and monasteries, a time when Hagia Sophia, or the monasteries of Saint Lucas and Daphne bore witness with the flawless language of cultural achievement on the resurrected hope of mankind, a time when prose and poetry gave birth to expressions of the highest cultural values of the human spirit, like the Akathist Hymn or texts of the Fathers of the Church, and from the depths of human sensitivity emerged beauty of Byzantine music.

I hasten to explain: I do not ask you to re-create a militant Christian art. I invite and challenge you to rediscover with me the sources that nurtured the souls of our ancestors and gave birth to the civilization we have inherited.

In this time of globalization, the crisis of ideologies, false intelligentsia, the trivializing of artistic and intellectual creation and their submission to the voracious consumerism, as Church we have an inescapable duty to contribute to the production of civilization.

Our monasteries, our churches—including those in ruins—our hymnography, but also however many elements of our tradition that have survived in the modern Modern Greek cultural heritage, are trustworthy witnesses to the need for this convergence. I indicatively refer you to our Modern Greek painting, which hides within it the Byzantine hagiographic tradition, to poetry, which draws from the invisible wellspring of ecclesiastical hymnography, or to contemporary Greek music, popular or artistic, which hides within it the ‘roads’ of the Byzantine melos. Even in the super-realism of the newer painters, one can discern the influences of their icon-painting teachers.

All this cries out for our shared responsibility to connect again, Church and human creativity, to restore civilization again and to inaugurate cultural foundations for the future of our children and our land.

—Excerpt from the enthronement speech of His Beatitude, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece, Hieronymos (Athens: 16 February 2008).

FYI: 15th International Conference on Eastern Chant: 12-15 May 2008, Iasi, Rumania

15 02 2008

Iasi, 30th January 2008, Feast of the Holy Three Hierarchs

This is an official call for papers and participation in our

15th International Conference on Eastern Chant
12th – 15th May 2008, at Iasi, Rumania

The conference will be organized by the Centre for Byzantine
Studies at Iasi
in cooperation with the Rumanian Ministry of Culture
as part of the events celebrating the 600th anniversary of the first
documentary attestation of Iasi as a medieval settlement.

The general theme of this year’s conference will be
offering a new opportunity for putting into practice results attained in
many countries during the past decade by enthusiastic
individual scholars and/or dedicated research teams. New
interesting materials in form of digital copies of MSS will be put at
the disposal of the participants to illustrate new perspectives in
obtaining deeper knowledge of notations, and their influence on
transmission, from the parallel analysis of ‘lucky pairs’ of MSS. One
of the hopes of this conference is the establishment of small
transnational teams that would be willing to work on subjects
related to verifying current interpretations of notational systems,
such as of the middle-Byzantine, znamenny, Kievan staff.

As in previous years, potential contributors are invited to interpret
this theme broadly. Submissions from other fields related to the
cultural and spiritual significance of ecclesiastical chant, such as
history, linguistics, ecclesiastical arts, theology, interdisciplinary
research, continue to be welcome. Both scholars with academic
affiliation and those working independently, as well as postgraduate
students, are encouraged to apply. A panel of three scholars will
review the submitted papers, whose acceptance will be notified in
due course on a first-come, first-served basis. Please distribute this
announcement to colleagues, and interested institutions or

Within this extended theme area two key-note speakers are invited
to address plenary sessions. Related to that, an attempt will be
made off-list to attract the contribution of a few scholars willing to
offer their knowledge in a one-day tour d’horison in general Christian
ecclesiastical culture, and specifically in musical culture and related
investigation tools, possibly modeled on the Current-Status-of-
Research-in-… type of reports, which would be meant as a
teaching-learning preamble to the conference. Should this attempt
prove successful, the duration of the conference may be prolonged
by one day.

The conference sessions will be held in the newly-refurbished,
excellently-equipped Museum of National Union at Strada Alexandru
Lapusneanu 16, and in the Gothic Hall of the Three Hierachs
Monastery, at Bulevardul Stefan cel Mare 28. As in the past, we
shall enjoy the gracious hospitality of Fr Archimandrite Clement, the
abbot of the monastery.

The main communication languages will be English, French,
German, in that order of priority. Russian and Rumanian can also
be accepted in certain cases.

Event highlights

  • The customary joint festival of church music to which, besides a
    number of Rumanian choirs, we are pleased to be able to
    announce the first-time participation of:

    1. the ISON Ensemble from Berlin, under the direction of Dr. Oliver
      Gerlach, which will give, among other appearances, a lesson-
      concert in the MISSA GRAECA;
    2. the GRAZER CHORALSCHOLA from Graz, under the direction
      of Prof. Franz Karl Praßl, will illustrate, among other musical
      traditions, particularly the archaic organum;
    3. depending on manifested interest, other representative choirs or
      ensembles from this country and abroad.
    4. Visits to MSS repositories of Iasi University Library, Library of the
      Metropolitanate of Moldavia, Moldavian State Archives, where a
      variety of MSS will be able to inform on practically the whole range
      of musical styles and notations and provide illustration backgrounds
      to current research projects undertaken in this country;
    5. A number of liturgical services given by the monks and choir of the
      Three Hierarchs Monastery of Iasi, in which guest choirs and/or
      individual participants are encouraged to join;
    6. A 2-day cultural discovery trip to a number of monastic
      establishments in Northern Moldavia and the Maramures after the

Administrative matters

Due to the limited number of places available, pre-registration will
be required. With the exception of the key-note speakers, all
participants are expected to cover their own traveling expenses. 15
places, with all other expenses (accommodation, meals, trip
expenses) covered by the organizers, have been reserved,
particularly for young scholars and researchers, and will be
allocated on a first-come-first-served basis. From all other
participants a participation fee worth the equivalent of EUR 80 (EUR
40 for students) will be required, payable into our centre’s bank
account, as follows:

EUR bank account No.: IBAN RO53 BTRL 02404205.408043.xx
Banca Transilvania S.A., Filiala Iasi
USD bank account No.: IBAN RO53 BTRL 02402205.408043.xx
Banca Transilvania S.A., Filiala Iasi

The remaining – moderate – costs for the optional meals and the
trip can be paid on arrival. Hotel accomodation can be booked via
the Internet. The costs of the trip will be announced in late April,
when the approximate number of excursion options will be known.

Please submit paper summaries of 400-500 words in length,
together with brief curricula vitae by no later than 15th March 2008.
Until supplementary information and spam-free automatic
registration procedures will be made available additionally on our
site , submissions and contact information should be
sent to:

Prof. Gabriela Ocneanu
Scientific director, Centrul de Studii Bizantine Iasi,
Strada Noua 5, RO-700377 Iasi.
+40 232 475313, +40 0746 475300

Traian Ocneanu

Director, Centrul de Studii Bizantine Iasi
Strada Noua 5
RO-700377 Iasi
Phone: +40 232 475313, 475300

Byzantine Choir of Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Pittsburgh performs

12 02 2008

It seems to me that the only way to go is to continue to create psaltic community; it’s the way that comes to mind to express it at this point. This simply means that “those who have ears to hear” continue to work in their corner of the world. I think one such person is Dr Nicholas Giannoukakis, the protopsaltes of the metropolis of Pittsburgh and founder and principal of the American Society of Byzantine Music and Hymnology. After a successful International Conference in Athens this past September, he organized a concert to be held at a Roman Catholic University in Naples, Florida (Roman Catholic, imagine that; I don’t think there’s ever been a visiting choir at Holy Cross!). It just now came to my attention. The reviews I’ve read have been glowing. I’m attaching the press release below.

Maybe Dr Nick can offer more background and experiences from the event?

Ave Maria University Hosts Renowned Byzantine Choir

NAPLES, FL — November 2007 — The Byzantine Choir of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Pittsburgh will perform a lecture and concert at 3 p.m. on Saturday, January 19, 2008 at the Oratory of Ave Maria University (AMU). The department of classics and early Christian Literature is sponsoring the performance and tickets are $10 for the public and free to AMU students.

The conert will feature choral singing, reflecting the traditions and poetry from ancient Greek times through the revolutions of the 12th through 16th centuries. The choir will also perform English and French renditions of well-known hymns that evolved from the Hellenic and Byzantine traditions. Guest soloists will be George Hatzichronoglou, Archon Hymnodist of the Great Christ from Greece, and Professor Constantin Lagouros, Archon Protopsaltis of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Toronto (Canada), two of the most reknowned Byzantine chanters worldwide.

The choir, under the direction of Dr. Nicholas Giannoukakis, performs the Byzantine hymnography in a way that reflects the constants of symmetry and beauty of form found with the music. The pieces performed are meant to represent the living art — as birth, death and resurrection — and modern-day tradition of the Orthodox Church.

The Byzantine Choir will also chant the Divine Liturgy at 8:20 a.m. and will perform a medley of sacred and secular songs at 6:00 p.m. on Sunday, January 20, 2008 at Saint Katherine Greek Orthodox Church, 7100 Airport-Pulling Rd., Naples, Fla.

You can download Dr. Niko’s programme notes here.

Letter in response to Axion Estin Symposium

11 02 2008

Well, it didn’t take long to get a response from Mr Tripoulas’ commentary regarding the Axion Estin Symposium. The response speaks for itself. I suppose this is the argument for use of the organ in worship, but that’s another issue.

It just seems to me a good summary of the uneducated understanding most, at least in the GOA, have of the psaltic art. It is nothing more than an affront to the great tradition of mixed choirs imported from Greece in the 1940s. How to help them understand there really is a great tradition, a sanctified one, which is our great inheritance. Anyway… Here’s the letter:

The National Herald: 8 Feb 2008

Choirs Play an Important Role in Preserving Our Legacy

To The Editor:

As a member of the Choir of Saint Paraskevi Church in Greenlawn, New York and the mother of the church organist, I would like to respond to Christopher Tripoulas’ commentary on Byzantine Chant in the National Herald’s February 2 edition.

I most certainly agree that the need to preserve our glorious legacy is an urgent one, and it is most encouraging that the Axion Estin Foundation has been established with this goal and has been so successful. I also agree that it is even more urgent to encourage our boys and girls to participate in activities which will ensure that this legacy lives on for generations to come.

This goal is, and has been, a priority of the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Musicians for quite some time. Dr. Vicki Pappas, chairman of the Forum, recently informed us that the Forum “approved a proposal from chanters to establish a Byzantine Music Chanter Training Initiative, a coordinating body within the National Forum to tie together the various schools of Byzantine Chant that are emerging in the Metropolises.”

The establishment of junior choirs and the encouragement of our youth have also been ongoing endeavors of the Forum, especially considering the language and inter-faith marriage challenges we are facing today.

It is also important to note (no pun intended) that, realistically, church choirs do have an important role to play in preserving this legacy and teaching our children church hymns and their meanings. Scholarships are available for study in religious music and liturgy. There are many examples of the continuing establishment of Byzantine choirs, including right here on Long Island.

The first organ was the invention of Ktesibios, a Greek engineer working in Alexandria during the 3rd Century BC. We also know that organs were an ancient Byzantine tool which flourished during the Byzantine Empire, in which Constantinople was the source of the greatest organs. Organs are also mentioned in the ancient proverbs and psalms about instruments.

Unfortunately, self-centered people who think they are another Maria Callas do exist, but they are found everywhere – in religious, academic and other secular circles, as well.

At Saint Paraskevi, we have a priest, a chanter and a choir director who are encouraging and supportive, and who teach. Music is divinely inspired, designed to glorify God and lead people to experience God. We must do whatever we can to ensure that this glorious legacy of ours continues.
As Saint Basil the Great said, “Psalmody – bringing about choral singing, a bond as it were, toward unity and joining people into a harmonious union of one choir – produces also the greatest of blessings: love.”

Eriphili Fay Pavlidis
Smithtown, New York